This website has been realized and is managed and updated by the work of the Centro Studi Iblei's volunteers and it does not receive any economic contribution from local Authority.



..:: HOME ::..




HOME (The history)

AKRAI: The archaeologic park



Palazzolo Acreide
The city of Palazzolo Acreide (Siracusa). Useful information, baroque photo gallery, churches and more...
House-museum of Antonino Uccello
Informative website about the ethnoantropologist Antonino Uccello and virtual visit of the House-museum of Palazzolo Acreide (SR)

Centro Studi Iblei
Documentation centre about Antonino Uccello, the iblei area and the province of Siracusa and Ragusa

The sites of the peasant's work. Buscemi-Palazzolo Acreide
Intermunicipal ethnical-anthropological itinerary
Andrea Latina - Art
Official website of the sicilian painter Andrea Latina. Oil paintings and more








Palazzolo Acreide (9204 inhabitants, 670 metres above sea level) stands on the eastern side of Acremonte.

This place was choosen by the Siculi to build their own village around the 12th century B.C., before the Syracusans discovered and esteemed it.

According to Tucidide's information, Akrai was the oldest subcolony founded by the Corinthian settlers around 663-664 B.C., seventy years after the foundation of Siracusa, in a strategic position on the top of the Iblean mountains, between the upper valleys of Anapo and Tellaro rivers to oversee a broad part of the Sicilian territory.

There are many quotations by ancient historians and writers which refer to the Akrai role in important events of the Sicilian history.

Akrai reaches its apogee during the wise ruling of Hieron II (306-215 B.C.).

Akrai was politically subject to its motherland Siracusa, in fact the only Akrai,s bronze coin (called Akraion) dates back 241-212 B.C., when Sicily was under Roman rule.


Akrai was indicated as "civitas stipendaria" by Plinius, meaning a town enforced to pay a fixed tribute to Rome.

The information sources of Akrai have no records of the imperial period.

During the Byzantine age, Akrai was proclaimed "the most important Christian centre of eastern Sicily after Siracusa" and this is witnessed by the great number of catacomb found in its territory (S. Lucia di Mendola, Bibinello).

Akrai was destroyed by the Arab army of Ased Ibn Al forat around 827 A.C., and every trace of the ancient town was lost for centuries.

The population built a new town lower down from Akrai on the eastern slope of the hill.

This new city was first mentioned in 1145 by the geographer Edrisi who called it Balans¨l or Palatiolum when the Norman King William II, granted the territory of Palatiolum to Stephen the Hermit. After that, Palazzolo was often cited in papal bulls, feudal and barony documents.

Only by the end of the '500, thanks to the studies of Tommaso Fazello, the ancient site of Akrai was identified.

The Castle of Palazzolo, built on a rock dominating the Anapo Valley, dates back to the Norman period. There are only a few ruins of this superb castle which was destroyed in the 1693 earthquake with most of the town and which was the home of the Alagona barons and other lords.

The town was rebuilt in the 18th century and the late original Baroque style of architecture blends with 19th and early 20th century architecture. 




Da Siracusa percorrendo la SS.114 "Mare Monti"


Dal terminal di Siracusa con le autolinee AST
Tel. centralino 0931-462711
Tel. informazioni 0931-464820

Aeroporto pi¨ vicino:





from Palermo 260 km
from Catania 70 km
from Messina 160 km
from Agrigento 160 km
from Piazza Armerina 90 km
from Siracusa 42 km




Festa di S. Paolo. La "sciuta" delle tredici del 29 giugno

Festa di S. Sebastiano - Processione

Saint Paul:
25 January - 29 June

Saint Sebastian:
20 January - 10 August

Our Lady of Sorrows:
The 3rd sunday in September

Saint Michael the Arcangel:
The 1st sunday in October

The celebrations include:
- Procession of the Saint's simulacrum;
- concerts by various bands and musical entertainment;
- artistic illumination, fireworks and blazes of light;
- two tipical traditions including the "bare shoulder" and the "journey barefoot". The male faithfuls carry on the naked shoulder the simulacrum of the saint and female faithfuls follow it, completely barefooted which represent the dissolution of a vow for a favour granted by the saints.



During the Christmas time in the old town centre you can admire a circuite of cribs and a live crib. In Popolo's Square snd Umberto I Square you can find largest Christmas trees.




Carnival is very lively in Palazzolo Acreide and is one of the oldest in Sicily. As well as the parade of the allegorical cars and groups dressed up, you may taste in various food festival's the tipical Palazzolo's food products like the sausage, trout pastry, macaroni, cavatieddi (a tipical local pasta) and cannoli.



Festival internazionale del teatro classico dei giovani

Festival internazionale del teatro classico dei giovani

Every year, during May, at the greek theatre many groups of highschool students from all over Italy and the rest of Europe perform tragedies and comedy by classical authors.



During the summer Palazzolo Acreide offers a series of cultural events like music, concerts, shows and exhibitions like the classical theatre, the dialect theatre and other events in the centre of the city.

Inclusion in the prestigious World Heritage List UNESCO "Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto": Caltagirone, Militello Val of Catania, Catania, Modica, Famous, Palazzolo Acreide, Ragusa Ibla, Scicli.

An archaeological zone between most ancient in the Italian panorama, with a beautiful greek theatre, roman-hellenistic road.

One of the most famous and appreciated attractions of Palazzolo Acreide is certainly "House-museum of Antonino Uccello). During the years of passionate and hard work, the Sicilian ethnologist, has collected and put in order interesting testimonies and precious materials about the life and folk wisdom.

The site hosts 12 large reliefs called "Santoni". It is the greatest sanctuary to date uncovered, dedicated to the cult of the oriental goddess of fertility Cibeles.

The ruins of the Norman castle and the surrounding medieval urban planning structure.

An historical center of great architectonic value, strongly characterized from a Baroque architecture, fruit of the reconstruction post-earthquake of 1693 and, subsequently,  from the season of the Art Noveau.

The religious manifestations like the festivity of S. Paul and S. Sebastiano, known in all the Sicily.

International Youth Festival of Classical Theatre.
Every year, during May, at greek theatre many groups of highschools students from all over Italy and the rest of Europe perform tragedies and comedy by classical authors.

The several exhibitions proposed by the House-museum "Antonino Uccello", the agricultural and food- Review of the products and typical food... and more...

Carnival is very lively in Palazzolo Acreide and is one of the oldest in Sicily. As well as the parade of the allegorical cars and groups dressed up, you may taste in various food festivals the typical Palazzolo's food products like the sausage, trout pastry, macaroni, cavatieddi (a typical local pasta) and cannoli.

A extremely varied landscape, with the  Natural Reserve of Cava Grande and the Natural Reserve of the Anapo-Pantalica.

The presence, in the beam of little kilometers, archaeological and historical important archaeological zone like Kasmenai, Ancient Avola, Castelluccio, Pantalica, the several bizantine churches, etc.

The St. Lucia watermill, is one of the four water-mills started by the torrent Purbella. It dates back to the XVI century. It is perfectly kept, plunged in an uncontaminated valley, shaded by oak-trees and walnut-trees.Inside the building is the Museum of the Millstone where permanent displays and millstones of different shapes illustrate the development of the cereals grindind technique, from pre-history up to hydraulic energy.












Centro di documentazione multimediale su Antonino Uccello e sull'area Iblea e le province di Siracusa e Ragusa. Visite virtuali dei beni archeologici, artistici, etnoantropologici, storici, naturalistici.


Andrea Latina


Centro Studi Iblei


Istituto Studi Acrensi